Judgments of moral wrongdoing and affective competencies

Both in the context of those who focus on judgments of moral wrongdoing via a contrast with other types of normative violations (e.g. the contrast between moral wrongs like killing an innocent person and conventional wrongs like violating an etiquette rule) and in the context of those who focus on judgments of moral wrongdoing simply, there is an ongoing debate concerning the role of affective competencies in shaping these judgments. On the one hand, some claim that feelings play a fundamental causal role, and some even claim that such judgments reflect nothing more than feelings. On the other hand, some claim that feelings are only fundamental to some of these judgments, and some even claim that feelings are incidental to all such judgments. Our aim is to shed new light on this debate in both contexts.  We are developing
Relevant Bibliography
Blair, R.J. (1995) A cognitive developmental approach to morality: investigating the psychopath. Cognition, 57, 1–29.
Greene, J.D., Sommerville, R.B., Nystrom, L.E., Darley, J.M., & Cohen, J.D. (2001). An fMRI investigation of emotional engagement in moral judgment. Science, Vol. 293, Sept. 14, 2001, 2105-2108.
Greene, J.D., Nystrom, L. E., Angell, A. D., Darley, J. M., and Cohen, J.D. (2004) The neural bases of cognitive conflict and control in moral judgment. Neuron, 44, 389–400.
Greene, J. D. (in press) The cognitive neuroscience of moral judgment. In M. S. Gazzaniga (Ed.), The Cognitive Neurosciences IV. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Haidt, J. (2001). The emotional dog and its rational tail: A social intuitionist approach to moral judgment. Psychological Review, 108(4), 814-834.
Haidt, J. & Joseph, C. (2007). The moral mind: how five sets of innate intuitions guide the development of any culture-specific virtures, and perhaps even modules. P. Carruthers, S. Laurence, and S. Stich (eds.) The Innate Mind, Vol. 3. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Haidt, J., Koller, S. H., & Dias, M. G. (1993). Affect, culture, and morality, or is it wrong to eat your dog? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65(4), 613-628.
Hauser, M. D., Young, L. & Cushman, F. (2008). Reviving Rawls’s linguistic analogy: Operative Principles and the Causal Structure of Moral Actions. In W. Sinnott-Armstrong (ed.), Moral Psychology: the cognitive science of morality. Cambridge: The MIT Press.
Huebner, B., Dwyer, S., & Hauser, M. D. (2009). The role of emotion in moral psychology. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 13(1), 1-6.
Huebner, B., Lee, J. J., & Hauser, M. D. (2010). The moral-conventional distinction in mature moral competence. Journal of Cognition and Culture, 10, 1-26.
Nichols, S. (2002). Norms with feeling: Towards a psychological account of moral judgment. Cognition, 84(2), 221-236.
Nichols, S. (2004). Sentimental rules: on the natural foundations of moral judgment. New York: Oxford University Press.
Moll, J. et al. (2002) The neural correlates of moral sensitivity: a functional magnetic resonance imaging investigation of basic and moral emotions. Journal of Neuroscience, 22, 2730–2736.
Moll, J., Zahn, R., de Oliveira-Souza, R., Krueger, F., & Grafman, J. (2005). The neural basis of human moral cognition. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 6(10), 799–809.
Moll, J., Zahn, R., de Oliveira-Souza, R., Krueger, F., & Grafman, J. (2008). The cognitive neuroscience of moral emotions. In W. Sinnott-Armstrong (ed.), Moral Psychology: the neuroscience of morality. Cambridge: The MIT Press.
Nucci, L. (2001). Education in the moral domain. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Pizarro, D. (2000) Nothing more than feelings?: the role of emotions in moral judgment. Journal for the Theory of Social Behavior, 30, 355–375.
Prinz, J. (2006). The emotional basis of moral judgment. Philosophical Explorations, 9, 29-43.
Prinz, J. (2007). The emotional construction of morals. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Royzman, E. B., Leeman, R. F., & Baron, J. (2009). Unsentimental ethics: Towards a content-specific account of the moral–conventional distinction. Cognition, 112, 159-174.
Schnall, S., Haidt, J. & Jordan, A. (2008). Disgust as embodied moral judgment. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 34, 1096-1109.
Smetana, J. (1993). Understanding of social rules. In M. Bennet (Ed.), The development of social cognition: The child as psychologist. New York: Guilford Press.
Sousa, P. (2009). On testing the ‘moral law’. Mind & Language, 24, 209-234.
Sousa, P., Holbrook, C., & Piazza, J. (2009). The morality of harm. Cognition, 113, 80-92.
Stich, S., Fessler, D. & Kelly, D. (2009). On the morality of harm: a response to Sousa, Holbrook and Piazza. Cognition, 113, 93-97.
Turiel, E. (1983). The development of social knowledge—morality and convention. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Wheatley, T. and Haidt, J. (2005) Hypnotic disgust makes moral judgments more severe. Psychological Science, 16, 780–784.
Valdesolo, P. and DeSteno, D. (2006) Manipulations of emotional context shape moral judgment. Psychological Science, 17, 476–477.
Advertisements
This entry was posted in Judgments of moral wrongdoing and affective competencies. Bookmark the permalink.